Sunday, May 22, 2022


The National Model Railroad Association (NMRA) Pacific Northwest Region (PNR) held its annual convention in Eugene this May.  Originally scheduled for May 2020, as with so much of life, the convention was cancelled and ultimately rescheduled for 2022 as one of the first full in-person events as we came out of societal lockdown.  


One of my regular crewmembers was the clinic chairman for this convention.  He long ago signed me up for a clinic presenting my modeling of the Eugene and Springfield area which would provide some local flavor to the regional convention.  Much of my layout construction (the track rework at “North” Eugene) and structure building over the past couple of years directly supported this clinic.  Preparing for such a clinic presentation provided the extra motivation I needed to tackle a number of projects in this area.  


This blog has been full of descriptions of my model and layout efforts in my Eugene and Springfield scenes over the past couple of years.  The clinic presented in 2022 told a far more complete story through a number of case studies than would have been possible with the original 2020 schedule.


My clinic began with a brief photo survey of my entire railroad to place my Eugene and Springfield into context.  I then presented several structure examples in Eugene, beginning with the depot (blog posted in 2013:  A couple of industries in the greater area of the depot were featured:

Zellerbach Paper:

Eugene Planing:

I then moved on to three more recent addition in the North Eugene industry area:”


Skillern Oil:

American Steel:

Each served to highlight research resources used and various construction techniques.


I then turned to Springfield, again beginning with the depot.  I pushed hard to meet both an end-of-month blog posting deadline (self-imposed) as well as the need for the completed depot as presentation feature.  I used multiple pictures with the depot prominently showing to tell my tale of Springfield modeling.  Industry highlights included:

Borden Chemical:

National Metallurgical:

Rosboro Lumber in three parts:

Once again, the focus was on research resources used and construction techniques employed.


The convention was lightly attended—a disappointment for organizers and even attendees.  Still, good clinics were presented as noted in Tony Thompson’s blog a few days ago:  As with Tony, I greatly appreciated C.J. Riley’s talk on modeling realism.  I also caught one of Tony’s two clinics and piece of the other.  Jim Moomaw, one of my crewmembers and a fellow SP modeler, presented pictures and descriptions of the equipage of Dispatcher Offices over the past century.  In spite of the low attendance, I still made contact with and had great hallway and lobby discussions with several good model railroader friends, including one down from Vancouver, BC.


C.J. Riley presented many examples of items that contribute to model railroad realism—and some that distinctly distract.  Much of this came from C.J’s recent book for Kalmbach.


It was super to return to in-person conventions.  Much more goes on at a convention than the formal program of clinic presentations, model contest, or layout displays.  The people connection is vital.  As a presenter and as an audience member, I found presentations livelier and more informative when presented in-person.  The interaction between presenter and audience is vital and is not easily replicated in an on-line environment, as we have seen over the past two years.  I will be glad to see fellow hobbyists at my next convention! 

Saturday, April 30, 2022


My efforts to populate the Eugene and Springfield area with structures have turned to the Springfield Depot—at last!  Springfield had an SP Common Standard Type 18 depot plan.  This Queen Anne style depot was the second most common depot plan on the SP, superseded only by its replacement, the Type 22.  Both are combination passenger and freight depots with agent’s quarters on a second floor over the passenger section and agent and train order operator’s office.  The Queen Anne style features lots of gingerbread trim.  It is a lovely depot.

Springfield’s depot has been repurposed and moved a few blocks once the railroad’s business no longer required a depot.  Springfield’s Chamber of Commerce now uses the depot.  The depot has been restored to its original plan, including roof peak trim.  In the same vein, it now sports the original extensive trim paint which causes the gingerbread to really pop.

Restored Springfield depot, now serving the Chamber of Commerce.

View of the former track side of the restored Springfield depot.

Several very useful references helped guide my model efforts.  Henry Bender’s Southern Pacific Lines Standard-Design Depots, Signature Press, 2013, provides excellent history and a listing of all known Type 18 depots.  This book also features architectural drawings by Jean-Guy Tanner Dube’.  Larger versions of those drawings may be found in Jean-Guy Tanner Dube’s Railroad Depots, A Southern Pacific Collection, Tailwater Press, 2017.  I used those larger drawings to sort out interior walls for my depot model.  Southern Pacific Lines Pacific Lines Stations Volume 1,compiled by John R. Signor, Southern Pacific Historical and Technical Society, 1997, provided a photo of the Springfield depot in SP service and examples of 1950s simplified trim paint.

The Southern Pacific Historical and Technical Society (SPH&TS) commissioned an HO-scale kit for the Type 18 depot.  I eagerly ordered one when announced and was one of the early recipients of the kit.  The kit was manufactured by Bill Banta of Banta Model Works.  It features extensive laser-cut parts.  In contrast to other laser-cut kits for SP structures, the Banta kit uses an inner structure core cut from medium density fiberboard (MDF) to which several layers of siding and trim are applied.  Kit instructions include fourteen pages of text and photos describing assembly and another sixteen pages of parts and assembly drawings.  Wow!  

The SPH&TS (Banta Model Works) SP Type 18 Depot kit.

Building core.

Bill Banta recommends using several adhesives, including a spray contact adhesive.  As I built the kit, I found myself gravitating more and more toward use of wood glue, spread with a toothpick rather than the spray adhesive.  In retrospect, I think I should have done this throughout, as the contact cement was very unforgiving for parts positioning.  On the other hand, I probably should have considered using the spray adhesive for the intricate gingerbread trim which is done in two layers.  I augmented the primary adhesives with gap-filling CA.  There were several instances of applied siding debonding at a corner or edge.  The CA allowed me to get the lifted part reattached.  I also found the CA useful to create a tack bond for positioning while the wood glue set.  

The windows and doors for the depot follow SP standards for the era of construction, roughly 1887-1893.  No commercial styrene castings suffice, so Bill Banta designed laser-cut parts including framing and trim, upper and lower sashes, and glazing for the two sashes.  The doors are similar, as all but the freight dock doors have transom windows overhead and also have trim paneling.  Once I got into the flow of assembling and installing the windows and doors, it went pretty smoothly.  My Northwest Shortlines (NWSL) True Sander came in handy to square up the multi-layer windows and doors.

Squaring up a multi-layer door using my NWSL True Sander.

The roofs are covered in shingles—lots and lots of shingles.  The kit supplies laser-cut paper shingles which come out as strips.  Guide lines are etched/burnt into the roof panels to help align the shingles.  I have used similar shingles on a number of SP structure models, but the ones in this Banta kit are by far the best for the strip shingle technique.  I found mine tended to self-straighten as I applied them. 

I chose a “simplified” trim scheme for my depot, typical of 1950s and later depot paint.  This actually made my job more difficult.  As designed, it is relatively easy to do the original maximum trim paint.  As noted above, the trim is applied in two layers.  Almost all of that would be brown in the original scheme.  I had to sort through the parts to determine just how much of the trim needed to be painted brown.  I chose to brush paint the trim as I worked on each section.  Fortunately, I have a small stash of appropriate PolyScale paint—my old standard before it was discontinued.  I sprayed TruColor SP Colonial Yellow for the base color and then brushed my precious PolyScale over that as needed.  The PolyScale paint has a flat finish.  The TruColor paint has a gloss finish and must receive a flat overcoat before proceeding.  I had to plan carefully for that flat overspray to ensure it was done before I started installing window glazing.  Planning for paint was one of my bigger challenges for building my depot.  I ended up doing several masking and spray painting jobs as construction progressed.

I began assembly of the depot shortly after it arrived in September-October 2020.  I had to suspend depot construction as I also was involved in the high profile track project at RR-East Eugene.  I found I needed to concentrate on only one high profile job at a time.  I resumed depot construction this month—April 2022 and have now nearly completed the depot.  There are LOTS of parts to this depot kit!  Placing the now nearly-complete depot in its position at Springfield on my railroad fulfills a vision I have had since I started this layout.

The Springfield depot in position on my railroad.  Note the louver window replacements for the upstairs end windows, as seen in photos from the 1950s and later.  Microscale decal set 87-1401 provided lettering for the station sign boards. 

Wednesday, March 23, 2022


As mask requirements and related group gathering protocols finally give way, it is time to get back to hobby gatherings, including operations.  The month of March 2022 benefitted from timing as mask and gathering restrictions came off in Oregon just as several major RR hobby events appeared on the calendar.  My friends in the Willamette Model RR Club were able to hold what had been an annual swap meet on what turned out to be the first day in Oregon without mask requirements.  It was with great joy we finally could see full smiling faces of our fellow hobbyists.


The next event was Winterail, the major West Coast rail photography exhibition, now held in the Corvallis High School Performing Arts Center.  Winterail features shows with projected images set to music in the main auditorium and a companion railroadianna show held in the cafeteria space alongside the auditorium. This year’s Winterail featured a full standard Saturday program followed by a part-day program on Sunday.  The Saturday program was the show held over from 2020, which was cancelled at the last moment as the pandemic impact first hit.  New material for 2022 was shown on Sunday.  Producer Vic Neves reported ticket sales around 280—down a bit from pre-pandemic numbers, but decent enough.  As usual, the shows were of high quality with a couple of standouts.  Most notable was “Into the Light: Photography of Erik Lundgren” that had particularly striking lighting in images mostly around Colorado.  Images and music were particularly harmonious in this production by Tim Tonge.  Another takeaway from this year’s Winterail is the increasing use of camera drones helping photographers achieve a new perspective on railroading.


Taking advantage of several folk travelling to the Pacific Northwest for both Winterail and the next weekend’s Soundrail model railroad operations regional gathering, I scheduled a “Boomer” operating session on my railroad while my friends at WMRRC schedule one the following day.  Ten out-of-town “Boomers” were joined by a similar number of my local crew for a full operating session on my SP Cascade Line.  Shown below are a sampling of images from this fifty-second full operating session on my railroad.


Boomer Seth N. dispatched.  He has done so in prior visits and kept the railroad fluid.


Regulars Dave H. and Craig L. managed the Eugene Arrival-Departure Yard.  This combines both staging and A-D Yard functions.


Rodger C, (Boomer) Jim B, Craig L, study action at the RR-East end of my Eugene Classification Yard as “Santa Clara Tower Operator” Dave H. looks on.


Yardmaster Rick A. manages the Eugene Yard as RR-West Switcher Bill M. works his end of the yard.


Boomers Dave H. and Brian F. work the Springfield-A local job.  This job works Springfield industry on spurs on the backdrop side of the mainline.


Boomer Jeff F. brings a RR-East road freight around the curve into Springfield.


Dispatcher Seth N. has set up a major meet in Springfield with Jeff F.’s Eastbound road freight on the main, the out-going (RR-West) Oakridge Turn on the siding, and the Springfield-A job on the depot and drill tracks.


Jim B. pilots a RR-West freight around the curve past the Marcola Branch at the RR-West end of Springfield.


Jeff F. brings another RR-East train past Westfir.


Boomer Jim P. services the company fuel and maintenance of way tracks at Oakridge as part of the Oakridge Turn’s activity.


Oakridge Turn engineer Jim P. watcxhes as Helper engineer Boomer Dave A. cuts his helpers off the point of a RR-East train as that train’s engineer Boomer Ed S. watches.  Dispatcher Seth N. chose to bring most helpers back down to Oakridge on the point (front) of RR-East (downhill) trains.


Jim B. works a RR-West uphill with help from Jim L. as engineer on the mid-train helper at McCredie Springs.


The Dispatcher has set up a meet at Wicopee.  Jeff F. brings a RR-West uphill and into the siding as Dave H. and Dave A. hold their RR-East downhill train on the Main.


Meet accomplished, Road Engineer Jeff F. and Helper Jim L. check block authority with the Dispatcher as Helper Engineer Dave A. prepares to work further RR-East.


At the RR-West end of Wicopee, Boomer Greg W. checks his block authority as he works another train RR-West (uphill).


The 9363 drifts downhill over Salt Creek Trestle.


Ed S. and Dave A. bring another freight RR-East down over Salt Creek Trestle.


A priority meet at Cruzatte!  Greg W. (left) holds the main with the RR-East LABRF while Amtrak Number 11 works uphill (RR-West) under the guidance of Norm A. (right).


Boomer Jeff F. gets a procedural assist from local Jim L. at Crescent Lake as Jeff prepares to take a train out of Crescent Lake and RR-East downhill toward Eugene.


It was great to have a full crew run my railroad after two years of limited operations.  I was happy to open up the RR to out-of-state visitors, taking advantage of rail events nearby on successive weekends.  This was a great way to celebrate a return to group activities.

Friday, March 4, 2022


My effort to fill the six new industrial spurs in the congested area geo-north, RR-East, of the Eugene Depot brought me to the spot designated for the BiMart warehouse.  As I noted in the first of the posts in this series (, I consulted multiple sources to identify what industries I would model.  Most of the industries appeared on the 1977 SPINS (Southern Pacific Industrial Numbering System) diagrams for Eugene.  Given our positive view of BiMart here in Oregon plus a family tale we delight in, BiMart immediately became a winner.


BiMart is a local-to-the-Pacific-Northwest discount retailer, much like Costco.  Founded in Yakima, Washington, BiMart quickly became an Oregon institution and soon headquartered in Eugene.  I searched the internet for more information and found their current headquarters and distribution warehouse on Google Earth satellite view.  The current warehouse is served strictly by truck, but that 1977 SPINS document clearly identified a BiMart warehouse as an SP customer.  I suspect BiMart changed warehouse locations to a much larger truck facility as their business grew and transportation shifted to trucks.  The current satellite and street views are of a different warehouse.  


I chose to model a typical warehouse from the mid-century.  Concrete tilt-slab wall construction and bowed roofs were very common.  This structural form lends itself well to foam-core model construction as I have done on a number of other structures.  The bowed roof added a bit of challenge as I wanted to make a hipped version of such a roof—another common feature.  An added challenge for my model was the need for a diagonal cut along the back of my structure to fit it against the wall while having the rail side parallel the spur track.


BiMart Warehouse.


I built my model in two major sub-assemblies.  The walls were my conventional foam-core construction with a cardstock siding laminated to the core structure walls.  I simply painted the cardstock a creamy off-white.  I captured the BiMart logo from the back side of a receipt and then printed it on one of the painted cardstock sheets.  The columns were strips of plastic, painted the same wall color.  Both the roll-up freight doors and personnel doors came from my favorite Clever Models steel structure pack.  Other bits of styrene from my scrap bin provided the freight docks and personnel stairs.


BiMart wall construction. The freight doors are inset into the foam core sides.


Roof construction began with finding a suitable form for the roof arch.  Fortunately, I had a round metal tray of an appropriate size.  I cut a series of roof formers in foam-core.  I glued these to a foam-core base—a sub-roof.  I used one of the rounded formers and more foam core to duplicate the end geometry.  I wanted something to experiment with for the roof ends.  I installed longitudinal roof formers between the arches.  I also laminated wood beams to the underside of the sub-roof to keep it flat.  


BiMart roof assembly.  The lateral arched roof formers were joined by longitudinal formers.  Triangular pieces help form the roof ends.  A diagonal former was placed where the roof would be cut at the back of the structure.


I glued a sheet of cardstock to my trial end piece using rubber cement.  After this set, I trimmed the cardstock to fit the edges of the end former.  I then removed the cardstock from the former to use it as a template for the final roof pieces.  The resulting template has a gentle arch to fit the roof arch and side sections that edge outward to meet that gentle arch.


Trial roof end former and cardstock roof template after it was shaped and removed from the former.  The upper surface has a gentle arch and the sides angle out from the low front corners.


I used the roof end template to layout cut lines on the roof cardstock (chipboard).  I left quarter-inch margins outside my template for subsequent trimming.  This turned out to be perfect!  I cut the gentle arch freehand, as I no longer had a hard device to use for a cutting guide.  I accounted for this with my roof former design and my ultimate plan to cover the roof joints with paper strips. 


I glued the end roof sections to the roof structure using both carpenter’s glue and gap-filling CA glue.  I then placed wood pieces as weights to hold the roof panels in place on the former.  I did a small amount of trimming of the end roof sections where they overhung the arch roof former.  I then added a second arch roof former inside the end formers to support the center roof panel edges.  The center roof section was applied, once again aided by heavy wood pieces on the top and edges to hold everything in place as the glues set.   Finally, I cut the roof along the diagonal back roof former. 


Roof back trimmed along the diagonal former.


Several coats of paint were applied to the chipboard roof panels as they soaked up a lot of paint.  I was pleasantly surprised to find my guestimates of extra margins around the roof were perfect for my needs. The sub-roof neatly fit into the wall assembly.  The freight docks and stairs were built from scrap-box styrene pieces, and painted to match the structure.


BiMart Warehouse in place and ready for business.

Sunday, February 20, 2022


Moving to the RR-eastward most industrial spur off the new industry service siding, brought me to the site for a steel fabricator.  When I first started designating industries for the half dozen new spurs, this one was a bit of a blank slate.  I had no immediate idea of what industry to place there.  As noted in the first post of this series on RR-East Eugene Development, I consulted with several fellow model railroaders in my operating crew who would understand my balancing act between operating interest and prototype modeling focus.  One of them made an excellent suggestion to look at my freight car fleet to determine if any car type appeared under-used with my modeled industries.  That quickly highlighted mill gondolas as that under-used car type.  Consulting the Eugene SPINS diagrams (Southern Pacific Industrial Numbering System), I identified a couple of steel fabricators.  American Steel seemed a good choice.


American Steel, now absorbed into American Metals, was a steel fabricator on the north side of Eugene.  It was located in the north Eugene industrial district along the Coos Bay Branch and near the Bailey Street Yard.  That yard served local Eugene industries and functioned similarly to my classification yard—serving nearby industry.  I do not have photos of the facility, but it was easy to “imagineer” a plausible set of structures with corrugated metal siding.  I added an overhead travelling crane as another plausible element which provides visual interest.


I began the industry model by preparing a plot plan, just as I did for the Nabisco bakery at the other end of the industrial siding.  This gave me a good idea of the narrow space I was dealing with between the wall and the industry spur and other tracks.  I realized quickly that I would need to modify the travelling crane model kit to fit the narrow space, while leaving a little bit of depth for an adjoining building flat.  The crane was the pacing item which would determine all of the other space allocations.


I used the Walthers Overhead Traveling Crane (933-3102) as the base for my crane.  My narrow space required me to shorten the span (depth/width) of the crane .  Similarly, my plot plan pointed to shortening the main beams.  The allocated space called for little more than a “deep flat.”  Fitting the crane to the space required removing the middle third of the travelling cross-beam.  Cutting down the four beams making up this part of the crane was an exercise using a miter box and saw and my Northwest Shortlines (NWSL) “TruSander™.”  

Shortening the traveling crane cross-beams.  The top two beams are the original kit beams.  The lower beam sets have the middle third removed.

I removed one panel from each of the long main beams, removing a post and girder panel from each.  One of those beams was to be mounted directly against the wall of a building flat, so the external diagonal braces were removed.

With the cross-beams shortened, I did not want to mount the control cab to the cross-beams, as designed for the kit. Instead, I chose a fixed location at one end of the crane assembly, with the cab mounted high and attached to the main beam.  I used one of the discarded diagonal braces from the other beam to provide a bit of underneath support for the cab.

Overhead Traveling Crane in position with the structure building flats and concrete base platform.  The control cab is mounted to the outside main beam rather than being mounted to the cross-beam assembly.

With the overhead traveling crane geometry fixed, I could move on to the building flats.  The first (right) section ended up 100 scale-feet long.  The second section bumped out toward the track.  Using my plot plan, I found it could be 18 scale-feet deep and 80 scale-feet long while still providing proper clearance alongside the track.  Both the first section and middle section have roll-up doors.  The center section door fits between its front wall and the first section wall, facing the open space that includes the traveling crane.  I had to trim a 12-feet wide door to 10-feet to fit the tight space.  Once I had the first two building sections roughly built and sitting in the industry space against the wall, I felt I needed a third section on the left.  I suspected this might be the case so I already had some of the pieces prepared.

I chose once again to use siding, roofing and doors from the Clever Models Steel Collection.  I have found the printed visual texture of these files to be quite compelling, even at fairly close-range viewing.  This certainly fit what I needed for building flats.  I used siding and roofing from the “large steel mill” kit and doors from the texture collection.  My investment in this Clever Models collection continues to pay huge dividends of completed structure models on my railroad.  Most of the pieces I used were printed on 65-lb cardstock and glued to foam-core board.  I use UHU glue sticks for the adhesive between cardstock and foam-core board.  UHU glue is similar to Elmer’s Glue, but I find it better and longer lasting in this application.  Fortunately, my local art supply store stocks it.  I cut-in the two roll-up doors for a bit of added depth.  The smaller access doors were paper prints mounted within cut-outs of the siding cardstock with cardstock framing on the outside.  Though subtle, the bit of added depth helps.  

The American Steel sign on the middle structure was done by creating the sign in PowerPoint and then printing it on a previously printed siding card.  I used this sign technique previously at Rosboro Lumber in my Springfield scene.  For the American Steel sign, experimentation led me to setting the text transparency at 30%.  This provided some of the corrugated panel representation showing through the sign letters.

I cut a base for this industry from 0.040-inch thick styrene.  I scribed concrete joint lines in the exposed platform area in front of the right building section.  I added 0.125-inch thick footings for the travelling crane support posts.  All of this concrete area was painted with a Rustoleum “Chalked” gray paint “rattle can.”  I attempted to weather the platform area with AIM Products weathering powders, just as I have done on other concrete work on my layout.  This application was not successful, as I got the weathering too dark and too rusty.  I returned with a light overspray of the gray paint.  The platform remains a bit darker than the straight paint.  I may return to weathering with a different medium, such as Pan Pastels.  

I attached the building sections to the base, forming a three-foot long building flat.  I trimmed the roof overhang of the right section in notches for the overhead traveling crane support posts and then attached that main beam section with the posts attached to both the building flat walls and the footings.  The outside main crane beam and support structure will need to be glued to the layout covering for its permanent installation.

American Steel ready for business.

Another view of American Steel.

As I worked with the plot plan and designed the building flats, I noted my industry spur track slanted slightly toward the wall.  I did not want to build structure flats with roofs having diagonal cuts such as the Nabisco Bakery at the other end of this industry sector.  Instead, I pulled up the track and carefully re-laid it to parallel the wall.  I used a pair of NMRA clearance gauges to ensure both the spur and industry siding had proper clearance while also keeping the traveling crane support structure out of harm’s way.  This effort was successful and led to a similar effort a couple of spurs down at Eugene Freeze where a similar track alignment and spacing issue revealed itself once I built the structure.  Both industry spurs now provide what limited space they can for their industries while maintaining track clearance.  

Structure models for the industries in this new industrial district are nearly done.  In contrast to most earlier industry efforts where the initial rail service was to empty spots with folded index card signs, these industries have developed into two- or three-dimensional models in advance of that service.  The next operating session should be interesting!

Thursday, January 27, 2022


Continuing to develop industry for the new spurs off the industrial siding at RR-East Eugene, I built up the core structures for the Nabisco bakery.  Photos and the SPINS (Southern Pacific Industrial Numbering System) diagram place Nabisco fairly near the Eugene depot.  That area on my layout has been occupied by other SP clients, also historically within that zone, so I chose to shift the location for Nabisco a little further away.  It occupies the closest industrial spur to the depot off the new industrial siding.


Core structure elements for the Nabisco bakery at RR-East Eugene.


Photos show the National Biscuit Company (the historic formal name of the company) as a concrete block structure with an office space facing a street perpendicular to the railroad.  My track layout has the spur at an angle to the backdrop, so I needed to deal with a partial building cut off at an angle along the backdrop wall.  I began by preparing a plot plan.  I laid out paper and then rubbed a pencil along the tops of the spur rails.  That gave me the space and the angle along the wall.  I used an NMRA gauge to establish building clearance from the wall.


Plot plan for the Nabisco bakery.  The near end is fixed at the end of the next industry spur and the rest of the Nabisco spur has been highlighted with a pencil rubbing of the rails.


I chose to use a Walthers “Magic Pan Bakery” (933-2915) as the core of my bakery model.  This structure kit is more modern than I would have preferred, but the core structure has the correct concrete block walls.  I used the modern flour silos which move product around with air pressure.  Consider this to be just one of several bent eras on my layout.  I chose not to use the kit office structure.  That kit section was just too modern for my intended model.  Instead, I fabricated a simple block wall structure for the face of the office section along the tracks.  My bakery consists of three main parts:  the flour silos and handling structure, the core bakery, and the office section.


The Walthers kit provides a quite adaptable set of modular walls for the bakery core.  One can assemble the walls in any configuration one might choose.  I chose to use the double freight door wall modules, but in retrospect, I should have chosen single door sections for the railroad freight doors.  I may revisit this core structure, but for now it fills the need.  I mitigated the door section oversight somewhat by extending slim freight docks out past the walls, spanning between the two doors of a wall section.  I cut a new base plate and roof from large styrene sheets, using the plot plan to establish cut lines for the back wall.  Similarly, I formed a new plain styrene back wall.  No detail is needed there!  I braced the walls with 0.125 x 0.125-inch styrene strip to maintain long straight walls.  I also installed three cross-braces as roof supports across the middle of the open span between the rail-side wall and the back wall.



Bakery wall sections assembly.  On the left is the next wall module.  Above the gap is the kit splice piece that fits into the miter joint along the ends of each wall module.


I used Pikestuff concrete block wall sections to form the walls of the office section.  The business “front” wall is only a small sliver.  I was able to use base plate and roof sections from the pieces cut off the styrene sheet for the core building.  That saved doing the angle geometry a second time.  This structure was built very similarly to the core building, albeit on a smaller scale.  


The flour silos and handling tower were built per the kit instructions.  The silos were formed as two halves with vertical seams joining them.  Much like joining model airplane fuselage halves as I did in my youth, I used tube styrene cement for the joints.  After this set, I applied putty as the joints were rough.  Fortunately, these silos have no weld lines or rivets, so sanding the putty to achieve smooth joints was relatively easy.  With the silo base painted a concrete gray and the silos white, I used canopy cement to mount the silos.  The doors and exterior stairs on the handling tower were painted a medium gray, so they too were added to the structure complex with canopy cement.  I found I needed to use gap-filling CA to add the piping, as I needed to have those joints solidify quickly.  


Nabisco bakery seen from the flour silo end.


I painted all major components white, as seen in photos that show pieces of the prototype bakery.  The roof sections were painted a dark gray.  They will receive weathering and additional roof top details when those pieces arrive on order.  Signs are planned, although the rail side of this complex normally would have minimal signage.  My operators will need signs, though.  For the moment, chalk this up as another major space filler in my developing RR-East Eugene industrial zone.